Brain Injury Rehabilitation
What is a brain injury
A brain injury occurs as a result of an acquired or traumatic insult to the brain, resulting in a disruption to the brain’s normal function. Brain injuries can be:
- Traumatic: a blow or jolt to the head or penetrating head injury: such as motor vehicle accidents, falls, assaults.
- Acquired: an injury to the brain that is not hereditary, congenital or degenerative; such as strokes, near drownings, lack of oxygen during surgery or birth and medical conditions such an encephalitis or meningitis.
A brain injury can result in a short term and/or permanent reduction in a person’s ability to perform everyday functional 9and/or cognitive) tasks such as walking, moving in bed, standing up from sitting down, dressing, showering or using the toilet independently.
What is brain injury rehabilitation?
The degree of recovery after a brain injury is strongly influenced by rehabilitation - the process of restoring as much ability and quality of life as possible after an injury to the brain has occurred.
. Some examples of the rehabilitation which we provide following a brain injury are:
- Providing advice on splints for muscular contracture or tightness in the arm or leg
- Prescribing splints for legs to help prevent foot drop and associated risk of falls
- Providing treatments such as taping, massage, electrical stimulation, dry needling to help manage a painful/subluxed shoulder
- Providing neuromuscular electrical stimulation to very weak muscles, to assist a strengthening program
- Assessing the quality and ability of every day tasks such as moving in bed, standing up from sitting, walking, getting up off the floor and using the arms to carry out personal care tasks such as dressing, showing and toileting and from there; determining a suitable rehabilitation program to improve the quality and performance of these tasks
- Providing advice on walking aids to maintain a safe and independent walking ability as well as providing family and/or carers advice on assistive devices such as transfer belts, slings, lifters to help safely look after the brain injured person in their own home.
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